On Friday, UNESCO selected former French culture minister Audrey Azoulay as its new chief after edging Qatar's Hamad bin Abdulaziz al-Kawari after a fifth round of voting.
Ms Azoulay's nomination must be approved by the agency's 195 member states on November 10, a vote that has never previously gone against the board's nominee.
The news, announced late afternoon on October 13 by the Associated Press, concludes a cliffhanger race to become the proposed head of the embattled organization. Egypt's support was decisive. On or hand, it is estimated that some Arab countries voted for French island because of problems between Qatar and some Arab countries. His lead in the vote irked several countries including Israel.
Held at the headquarters of the organisation in Paris, the election to pick the 11th director of the UN body was keenly fought by the candidates. She also worked for the European commission as legal expert in the fields of culture and communication.
To the international community, Macron represents the exact opposite of US President Donald Trump - he is young, level headed, champions collective diplomacy and respects the international bodies, which is exactly what the doctor prescribed for UNESCO at this time of crisis when its credibility and budgets are at rock bottom.
Ms Azoulay had started the week's voting with much less support but built up backing as other candidates dropped out and won a runoff earlier on Friday against Egypt's candidate.
Cinq personnes arrêtées — Attentat de Marseille
Elles auraient été en contact avec Ahmed Hanachi, le tueur de la Gare Saint Charles. Ces cinq personnes avaient été interpellées mardi lors d'une perquisition.
Qatar, Egypt and Lebanon each fielded a candidate instead of uniting behind a common bid, even though Arab countries had long agreed that it was their turn to lead Unesco, which Westerners have directed repeatedly since its founding in 1945.
Qatar has generously funded UNESCO in recent years and lobbied intensively for the post, which would have helped bolster its international status at a time when it faces isolation in the Gulf.
Kawari was front-runner until the Friday round.
She graduated from France's school of public administration, l'Ecole nationale d'administration, and holds an MA in Business Administration from the University of Lancaster (UK) and a degree in political science from l'Institut d'Etudes Politiques (France). In the wake of the United States' withdrawal, she said France had decided "not to leave it, but to get even more involved".
Washington has walked out on UNESCO once before, in 1984, after a row over funding and alleged anti-US bias. The conciliatory remarks were not necessarily made out of love for Israel, however, but mainly to restore the organization's prestige and significance.
In 2016-2017, Azoulay was Ministry of Culture in 2 separate cabinet during period of socialist French President François Hollande.